According to Tejarat News, construction violations, unprincipled constructions and contrary to established laws are another problems of construction in recent years.
Construction violation broadly means not complying with mandatory construction regulations and disregarding safety, health, and technical points, as well as violating urban planning laws. If the builders do not pay attention to these rules and build buildings without considering the important points of safety, they will commit construction violations and eventually their violations will be prosecuted.
A report recently published by the Majlis Research Center on the contexts and reasons for construction violations in cities shows that despite the fines considered in this regard, construction violations are still increasing in different parts of the country, especially in big cities.
One of the significant points in this research is the role of the municipality in increasing the amount of these violations. Based on this, it has been determined that there is a relatively high correlation between the municipality’s income-generating attitude to the phenomenon of construction violations (selling urban construction rules and regulations), the inefficiency of the residential construction monitoring system, and the administrative bureaucracy of issuing permits and building completion with construction violations.
Causes of construction violations in Iran
Construction violations in Iran have different causes and contexts, which can generally be categorized into five areas: social, economic, laws and regulations, urban planning and management.
A more detailed look at this issue shows the chaotic situation of construction in recent years and the need for housing in the country, the increase in prices in this area due to the inflation in construction materials, the increase in wages and the lack of facilities and the refusal of banks to support the housing sector in this regard. has been involved.
On the other hand, illegal construction violations are generally considered cost-effective for builders. They prefer to move forward with their project despite the violations and finally pay the fine, and as mentioned, the profitability of these violations for the municipality is another reason that can fuel illegal construction in metropolises.
As a result, management problems in the supervision, control and timely handling are considered as aggravating factors.
Consequences of escalation of violations in construction
The investigations also show that the escalation of construction violations has many consequences, the most important of which can be found in the social, urban, service and infrastructure dimensions, urban transportation, environmental,
Classified passive safety and defense.
It seems that these violations can be effective only in terms of urban planning on a smaller scale, but on a large scale, they can lead to an unanticipated increase in population, a decrease in the service level of infrastructures, and an aggravation of the unbalanced spatial structure of the distribution of uses, traffic, pollution of cities, the expansion of unsafe buildings, and an increase in
To increase the vulnerability of cities against risks.
Improper monitoring of construction violations
Improper monitoring of construction violations by related institutions, including the municipality and the engineering system organization, is another issue that has plagued construction in recent years. In this regard, the most important measures proposed in this research to improve the construction control system have been categorized in the managerial areas of supervision and implementation, urban planning, legislation and education.
Inadequate supervision as well as the municipality’s profiteering from these cases has now caused violations in urban construction to spread to the extent that it may be evident by passing through the alleys.
Also, on the other hand, the short lifespan of buildings in Iran compared to other countries is proof of this. Now, the average life of a building in Europe is estimated to be more than a century, while the life of building structures in Iran, in the most optimistic possible state, reaches a quarter of this number.
Also, the data that exists regarding the urban standard for dealing with earthquakes in Tehran does not indicate a good situation. Houses have entered the streets more than the standard, and this situation makes the situation of relief difficult when accidents occur.
Correct supervision and formulation of laws that the payment of fines does not seem cost-effective for builders is one of the solutions that experts put forward in order to control chaos in the field of construction.
Another one of these suggestions to improve the current situation is to remove the revenue dependence of municipalities on the collection of construction violations, which is considered one of the main reasons for the occurrence of violations. This institution should seek to obtain sustainable resources and income.
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