medicine and healthScience and Technologymedicine and healthScience and Technology

What is ciprofloxacin tablet? | Green positive pharmacy magazine

Ciprofloxacin tablets are a strong antibiotic of the quinolone class used to treat bacterial infections in the human body. This drug is used to treat various types of bacterial infections such as urinary tract inflammation, lung inflammation, skin and soft structure inflammation, ear, throat, tooth, bone and joint infections. Because of its ability to kill bacteria, Ciprofloxacin is also prescribed to treat infections such as chest infections, urinary tract infections, prostate infections, gastrointestinal tract infections, bone and joint infections.

The ointment type of this drug is used as an ointment and eye drops to treat eye infections such as inflammation of the eye glands or inflammation of the eyelids. Also, ciprofloxacin is used to treat infections that have not been treated with other antibiotic drugs due to bacterial resistance. However, it is better to know it completely before taking any kind of medicine.

Pharmaceutical forms of ciprofloxacin

  • Ciprofloxacin tablets: 250, 500 and 750 mg
  • Ciprofloxacin ampoule: 5% and 10% in 100 ml
  • Ciprofloxacin drops: eye drops and ear drops

Ciprofloxacin uses

Ciprofloxacin is used in the following cases:

  • Treatment of various bacterial infections such as: urinary tract inflammation, lung inflammation, skin inflammation, ear, throat, tooth, bone and joint infections.
  • And the treatment of chest infections, urinary tract infections, prostate infections, gastrointestinal tract infections, bone and joint infections

Pharmacological effects and mechanism of action of ciprofloxacin tablets

After penetrating the bacterial cell membrane, this drug inhibits the growth and reproduction of bacteria by inhibiting DNA gyrase. After taking this drug, when the DNA is opened for replication, it lacks the necessary enzyme to turn again and thus it will be eradicated.

Dosage of ciprofloxacin tablets

Adults can use ciprofloxacin tablets as follows:

  • 100 to 750 mg every 12 hours for 3 to 28 days

When to take ciprofloxacin

Ciprofloxacin medicine or tablet should be taken every day at a certain time or hour. Since doctors often recommend this drug to be used in a dose of 500 twice a day, it is better to use it every 12 hours. So it is better to use one pill in the morning and another at night. It does not matter if you take this medicine with or without food. Ask your doctor’s opinion in this regard. Doctor’s advice is always a priority.

Ciprofloxacin contraindications

This medicine should not be used in the following cases:

  • People under 18 years of age (unless advised by a doctor)
  • Kidney patients
  • Favism patients
  • In case of allergy to this drug or similar drugs such as: levofloxacin, moxifloxacin and nalidixic acid, ofloxacin and norfloxacin

Side effects of ciprofloxacin

All drugs may have side effects, and ciprofloxacin tablets are no exception. Some of the side effects that some people may experience after taking ciprofloxacin tablets include:

  • Feeling sick: In this case, you can eat simple foods to feel better.
  • Diarrhea: In case of diarrhea, it is better to drink plenty of fluids to replace the water lost from your body.

Also, in some rare cases, ciprofloxacin tablets may cause the following serious side effects. For this reason, if you experience the following side effects, you should inform your doctor.

– Allergic reactions, such as swelling around the face and mouth, skin rashes or breathing problems

– Pain or swelling in joints and bones

– Psychosis about self-harm

Also, it should be remembered that an overdose of ciprofloxacin tablets can cause drug poisoning. If a person has suffered from drug poisoning and you see symptoms such as shortness of breath, fainting, and weakness (passing out), call the emergency room immediately so that the treatment team can neutralize the side effects of the drug.

Drug interactions of ciprofloxacin tablets

You must provide your doctor with a list of all the medications you are taking before you start taking ciprofloxacin tablets. Ciprofloxacin may interact with some medications, including the following:

  • Cyclosporine, probenecid, ropinirole, sildenafil
  • Theophylline or aminophylline
  • Phenytoin
  • Methotrexate
  • Warfarin and coumarin and all blood thinners
  • you are fast
  • Antibiotics such as erythromycin and azithromycin
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, celecoxib, diclofenac, indomethacin, and meloxicam.
  • Steroid drugs such as prednisolone
  • Diuretic drugs
  • Medicines for the treatment of diabetes
  • Supplements or multivitamins containing iron, calcium, magnesium and zinc
  • Iron supplements such as ferrous sulfate or ferrous fumarate

You should leave a gap of at least 2 hours between taking ciprofloxacin tablets and vitamin supplements. This list is not complete and other drugs may interact with Ciprofloxacin.


  • If you have forgotten to take your daily dose at a certain time, it is better to take it as you remember. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, it is better not to take the missed dose. In no case should you take two doses of the medicine at the same time due to forgetting.
  • Improper use of antibiotics for colds caused by viruses can cause antibiotic resistance and side effects. Therefore, antibiotics are prescribed only if a secondary bacterial infection is confirmed. Over-the-counter medications, such as antihistamines, pain relievers, and decongestants, are usually safer for treating viral colds.
  • If you are allergic to this medicine, consult your doctor.
  • If you have the following problems in your medical records, discuss them with your doctor: heart problems, diabetes, kidney and liver diseases, joint and tendon problems, mental disorders, peripheral neuropathy, and seizures.

Taking ciprofloxacin tablets during pregnancy and breastfeeding

Sufficient studies on whether ciprofloxacin tablets can harm the fetus inside the mother’s womb or not; Does not exist. Therefore, during this period, you are allowed to take this medicine only with the doctor’s prescription. Also, ciprofloxacin may be transferred to the baby through breast milk and cause side effects. It should not be used during breastfeeding until 2 days after the last dose of this medicine.

What is ciprofloxacin 500 tablets for?

Ciprofloxacin 500 tablets belongs to the quinolone drug group and by inhibiting the proliferation of bacteria, it causes the treatment of bacterial infections and reduces the symptoms of the disease. This pill is an antibiotic drug that is used to treat various bacterial infections.

  • – Urinary tract infections such as cystitis, pyelonephritis, urethritis, etc.
  • – Respiratory infections such as lung infections, bronchitis, pneumonia, etc.
  • – Skin infections such as bacterial infections of the skin and subcutaneous tissue
  • Bone and joint infections
  • Ear, tooth and throat infections
  • – Gastrointestinal tract infections such as gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, genital and urinary tract infections, etc.

There are some examples of these diseases.

How to take Ciprofloxacin 500

Before starting to use this medicine, read the leaflet inside the package carefully. This brochure is detailed and comprehensive and introduces you to various things including the amount and dosage of the drug and its possible side effects. It is better to follow the dosage of the medicine exactly as prescribed by the doctor. Usually, the dose of this drug is taken every 12 hours and the duration of treatment with this antibiotic varies between 3-28 days. Also, the dose of this medicine for children is prescribed based on their weight and in the form of syrup.

If you want to increase the effectiveness of this antibiotic, you should take the dose of the drug at the prescribed time and swallow it with a lot of water. Also, while taking ciprofloxacin 500, it is better to avoid eating milk, medicine or antacid syrup, or drugs containing zinc and iron, because these interfere with the absorption of ciprofloxacin.

The way to take Ciprofloxacin 500 is that it should be taken twice a day in the morning and at night, with a glass of water, to create the appropriate blood concentration in the body. Also, ciprofloxacin 250 is prescribed for people whose weight is less than 50 kg and whose age is over 17 years.

Is ciprofloxacin good for throat infection?

Studies have shown that ciprofloxacin tablets are effective in treating throat infections caused by bacteria. In a study conducted in 2015, the effectiveness of ciprofloxacin compared to amoxicillin for the treatment of throat infections was investigated. The results showed that ciprofloxacin was more effective than amoxicillin with a higher effect in controlling the symptoms of throat infection such as inflammation and pain.

For this reason, if your throat infection is caused by bacteria, you can use ciprofloxacin tablets to treat it. However, it should be not