The registration of needlework and silk weaving in the world heritage list increased the need to pay more attention to the revival of these arts, the development of production workshops and attention to the sale market of these handwovens in Golestan as the most central area for the production of these works, and in addition to this, the proud position of this province in the field of heritage. It proved a culture.
While the managers and residents of Golestan were waiting for the world registration of the historical wall of Gorgan, last week the art of burning and embroidery of Turkmen as the 20th element of intangible cultural heritage of the country jointly with Turkmenistan and the art of breeding silkworms and the traditional production of silk for weaving as the 20th The first element of intangible cultural heritage of Iran shared with Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan was registered in the world.
Turkmen needlework art and silkworm breeding and traditional silk production for weaving as the sixth and seventh heritage respectively after Qaboos world heritage, Iranian fiddle (Turkmen fiddle), Iranian dotar (Golestan province dotar), Hyrcanian forests and Iran national railway And Bandargaz and Bandar Turkmen stations and its railway route have been registered in the world.
First, in November 1391 and in the 333rd session of the National Committee of Clothing and Textile Fiber Products of the Organization of Cultural Heritage of the country, Turkmen needlework received the national standard mark, and a few months later, on the fourth of Bahman, it was also listed as 1000 in the list of intangible works. The country reached the national register
This art has an ancient history in the history of Iran. Turkmen illustrated embroidery has been popular since the time of the Scythians, and in other periods it has been in full vogue along with other stitches.
The peak period of this art should be considered in the Afshariya and Zandiya periods, and especially the Qajar period, and the remaining works from this period are proof of this claim.
In addition to being common in Turkmenistan, this original art has many fans and artists in many Turkmen-inhabited cities of North Khorasan, such as Bojnord, Raz, and Jergalan, as well as Gonbadkavus, Bandar Turkmen, Agh Qala, Kalaleh, Gamishan, Marave Tepe in Golestan.
All over the world, the clothing of different ethnic groups originates from the beliefs and beliefs of that region.
Turkmens use clothes decorated with needlework in various ceremonies, including religious ceremonies, mourning and mourning ceremonies, in celebrations and celebrations, and these clothes have different decorations based on the type of ceremony.
Head of Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts Department of Gonbadkavus said: The provision of support packages for Turkmen needlework artists is one of the topics that should be strengthened after the global registration of this intangible heritage.
Maryam Agh-Atabai added: Currently, more than 3 thousand artists are working in different needlework sectors in different formats, and we should try to direct their products towards more originality and customers’ tastes by developing targeted educational programs.
He pointed to the activity of the Kavos dome needlework house and also the extensive activity of the artists in this field in Tangli village of this city and said: by introducing more of these centers, it is possible to attract more tourists focusing on this field.
Agh-Atabai continued: In order to better introduce this art to the people, we need synergy between institutions in supporting this art, and we believe that creating promotional elements or using other promotional potentials in virtual or real space can play a significant role in the development of this art.
One of Golestan’s needlework art activists told IRNA: “Registering Turkmen needlework art as part of the world’s intangible cultural heritage is considered a promising process that can be the beginning of a new chapter for the development of Turkmen needlework art.”
Esmat Majidi added: for the increasing prosperity of this art after the global registration, we must have a plan and plan, and material and spiritual support, facilitation of domestic sales and solving the problems facing exports are among the suggestions to achieve this goal.
He said: Having an international mark is not the solution to problems, but solutions should be found for the bottlenecks and challenges facing the activists of this sector.
This Golestani artist continued: Currently, a large part of the export of Turkmen needlework is carried out through luggage, but the complications of this sector have caused many problems for producers and exporters.
Majidi said: One of the important issues that should be considered by managers and trustees is to identify the threats and challenges of this art, the most important of which is the industrialization of Turkmen needlework.
Silkworm breeding and traditional silk production
Silkworm breeding and traditional production of silk for weaving as the 21st element of intangible cultural heritage of Iran shared with Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan was registered in the world.
Although silkworm breeding and traditional production of silk for weaving are common in many provinces of the country, Golestan, especially the eastern regions of this province, have a long history in this sector.
Silk weaving is one of the traditional arts of Golestan, which is more common among Minodasht and Ramian women in the east of the province.
Now the silk handwovens of the women of Golestan, especially Minodasht and Ramian, are one of the main sources of income for these families.
From silk thread, hand-woven items such as chadorshab, silk handkerchief, argchin, which is a men’s hat, and forehead band are prepared, which have many fans among the people.
The establishment of dyeing, textile and cocoon drying factories in this area will make many Noghandarans who spend many days unemployed throughout the year to enjoy productive and sustainable employment.
Silkworm breeding and traditional silk production for weaving includes a set of traditional knowledge methods, skills and crafts related to planting and growing mulberry trees, silkworm breeding, silk thread production for weaving and other purposes.
What doubles the importance of this element is that most Noghandarans and silk thread producers do this profession as a family and group with special ceremonies, and in addition, the cooperation between families, neighbors and colleagues, especially in the continuation of their social role. Strengthens local cooperation.
Golestan province has 30,000 artists in the field of handicrafts, of which 20,500 have individual production records and 505 have production workshops.
Handwoven carpets, felt, ornaments and needlework of Turkmen, Jajim weaving of Ziarat village of Gorgan, silk weaving of Ghazalbash people of Ramian and Minodasht, needlework of Shahkoh and Baloch people, as well as traditional sewing of clothes in Babin Farsi are among the handicrafts of people living in Golestan. With the artistry of women, girls and men of this province, each one has its own name and reputation among domestic and foreign buyers.