Dreaming in the 7th Development Plan / Can the government build one million houses a year?

According to Tejarat News, housing, in the position of a productive market and supplier of the basic needs of different sections of the society, is always one of the main economic areas that are included in the planning of countries. In Iran, housing construction and its various dimensions have always had a small share in the budget law and development plans; The seventh development plan bill, which has not yet become a law and is still under consideration in the parliament, is no exception to this rule.

In this program, three goals are considered for the housing sector. The first goal is related to the first homes, which are among the low income classes, and based on this, 300,000 housing units will be built annually for them within five years.

The second goal is a bigger step in this field. This part of the 7th Development Plan is focused on the goal of building one million housing units annually within the law enforcement period. The third step is dedicated to the worn-out fabric, and as planned, at the end of five years, 100,000 housing units should be ready to be delivered in these areas.

Is the 7th plan compatible with the economic reality of the country?

Anyone who has the slightest knowledge of the economic realities of the country and the state of housing construction in recent years is aware of the fact that all three sections planned in the 7th Development Plan seem far-fetched and impossible. Housing construction in the country has been practically stagnant for several years due to general inflation, inflation of construction materials, and so on, and less builders are interested in construction.

On the other hand, the construction of one million residential units in the form of the National Housing Movement Plan, which was the promise of the 13th government and the parliament law, is still undecided, and not even one unit has been delivered since the beginning of Ebrahim Raisi’s work. How can such a promise be fulfilled in five years?

At the same time, the construction in the dilapidated context is not very satisfactory and there is no good news about it recently. Tejarat News has previously published a report titled “Was the worn-out tissue loan removed? / The short dress of the government on the body of the national housing” has addressed this issue.

In a part of this report, it is stated that the government’s recent performance in the field of renovation of dilapidated structures shows that the promises in this field have not been implemented as in other areas of the housing sector, and the words and actions of the officials are not very consistent.

In an interview with Fars, the CEO of Tehran City Renewal announced that the circular issued recently by the Central Bank indicates that loans will not be allocated to Tehran’s dilapidated structures. Also, worn-out fabrics are deprived of the cheapest and highest construction loan ceiling with 18% interest that is currently paid in the banking network, and they have been removed from the list of construction loan recipients; In this way, they can only benefit from 23% bank loans.

It should be emphasized that the performance of the government in the sixth plan also indicates that the mere planning of the government in one area does not guarantee its implementation!

The failure of housing policies in the sixth plan

According to the report of the Majlis Research Center, the 6th plan in practice did not provide the required budget for the housing sector and finally, none of the plans have been fully implemented. According to part “1” of paragraph “c” of article 80 of this law, the government was obliged to develop a supportive housing program with the aim of helping to build and buy real estate and social housing, and to help build rental housing, to pay rent allowances. And the Qarzul-Hasna loan and housing deposit to provide housing for low-income groups in the first year of the program law. This is despite the fact that investigations show that during the years of implementation of the law of the 6th plan, this component did not have any function.

Facilitating the construction or purchase of housing

Paragraph “b” of Article 59 of the Law of the Sixth Development Plan also considered goals to facilitate the construction or purchase of housing for these classes in rural and urban areas. Part “1” of this paragraph is related to the implementation of the special plan for the improvement and renovation of rural housing, according to which more than one million units of rural housing should have been built by the end of the implementation period of the sixth plan law.

The notified quota of this project was 673,000 residential units in the total years of implementation of this law, of which only 371,000 units were under construction or finished. In this way, the performance of the programs of this component in the years of implementation of the law was 37% and its performance based on the notified quota was 55%.

The government has also performed little regarding the “2” part of this clause; It was supposed to build 750,000 residential units for the low-income urban strata by the end of the sixth plan law, but so far these residential units have been awarded to only 300 applicants.

Therefore, it seems that the government should be more realistic in the affected sector such as housing, and instead of giving false hope to the people who are left with their basic needs for a normal life, pursue policies so that as a result, they can wear clothes, however minimal. To fulfill the wishes of the housing applicants in the society.

Read the latest news related to housing in the housing section of Tejaratnews.

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