The city of Farooj is formed in a wide valley and plain around the Atrak River and between the Kopeh Dagh mountain range in the north and Aladag in the south. Due to the availability of sufficient water resources, including the Atrak River, agriculture in the region is very prosperous. Today, Farooj city has become one of the important centers for growing cereals, grapes, saffron, dahlias, as well as the production and supply of nuts.
Shah Jahan mountain with a height of 3051 meters is located as the highest peak of North Khorasan in the south of Farooj city. The heights and slopes of Kopeh Dagh and Aladagh are one of the centers of nomadic life.
Farooq plain has long been the focus of human societies. The ancient hill of Yam, located 5 km from the city of Farooj, the hill of Zubar, the throat of the hill of Titkanlu, the hill of Khairabad, the long hill and the existence of residential centers and huge military-commercial castles of the Parthian and Sassanid period such as the ancient site of Viranshahr in Titkanlu The prosperous presence of Parthians and Sassanids is in the area of Farouj plain. Some historians consider the fertile part of Farooj to be the equator or Astavin, the early Parthian throne.
The presence of the beautiful tomb of “Baba and Bibi” and the historical cemetery of Khosrowieh with the tombstone of a very beautiful and rich box (dating to the middle of the eighth century AH) is a sign of the glorious history of the Islamic era of this region.
Culture and Art
Khosrowiyeh, Mayvan and Ustad Tatas are undoubtedly the oldest inhabitants of Farouj. Their history has its roots in the historical period and perhaps the Parthian era. In Khosravieh, the tombstones of a luxurious medieval Islamic medieval tomb are a strong document of the ancient history of the Farooj Tatas.
From the point of view of traditional culture and anthropology, Farooj is a thriving and diverse center of life of the three ethnic groups, Tat, Kurdish and Turk. The Tatas are concentrated in the southwest corner (Mayvan, Seh Gonbad, Ostad and Khosravieh villages), the Kurds in the center and most parts of the city, and the Turks mostly in the city of Farooj and villages such as Asfjir, Najafabad, and Koran in Turkey.
Chogheh maqami music and wrestling should be considered as the most prominent symbol of the traditional culture of this city, and wrestlers such as Pahlavan Bahadori (Mayvan) and Pahlavan Rostami Titkanloo are famous. Today, the ship of Imam Morshed Titkanlu is considered one of the most important traditional ships of North Khorasan. The villages of Khosravieh and Ustad and other parts of Tat are the important religious and historical centers of Farooj and religious rituals seem to be very prosperous in these areas, especially during Muharram.
Tourist and historical attractions of the city
Yam Ancient Hill
National Registration Number: 16586
Yam Hill is the largest identified site in the Upper Atrak River valley in North Khorasan, which contains traces of several millennia of settlement, from the prehistoric period to the Islamic period. The scientific excavations of the Archaeological Team of the University of Turin in Italy on this hill show the great similarity of the cultures of this region with the advanced cultures of the Copper, Stone and Bronze Ages in Central Asia.
Tomb of Baba and Babi
National Registration Number: 5945
The historical tomb of Baba and Bibi, one of the valuable historical monuments of the Timurid period, is located in the village of Khosravieh. The building consists of two rooms on the north and south sides and a large porch on the east side. On the main tomb there is an inlaid wooden box decorated with plant motifs and inscriptions in the third line.
Farooj Historical Bath and Anthropology Museum
National registration number: 23107
The historic bath or bath of Farooj is located in the southeast of the city of Farooj, on Shahid Moghim Street, Hamam Alley. This historic bath is also popularly known as “Ismailzadeh Bath” which is the name of the founder of the bath and was built during the Qajar period and its architect is “Karim Iqbal”. The water needed for the bath was supplied from the Jafarabad aqueduct. In 1340, while repairing the bathroom, its facade walls were decorated with geometric patterns. This valuable historical monument has been restored by the cultural heritage and has been used as an anthropological museum in Farooj since 2011.
Village Master Tourism Target
The beautiful village of Ostad is located 17 km southwest of the city of Farooj. The inhabitants of this historic village are Tat. Existence of historical castles, five-hundred-year-old mosque, historical cemetery, Qajar era bath and… are signs of the ancient roots of this village. The favorable climatic position and location near water-filled valleys and the formation of lush gardens around this historic village have led to the formation of an attractive and unique tourist area.
National Registration Number: 18739
The mosque of Ostad village, located in the center of the village, is one of the important historical-religious monuments of Farooj city and historically probably belongs to the Timurid period. This mosque is a kind of simple nave mosques and its plan is rectangular and has large quadrangular columns that are covered with small domes in the distance between each of the four columns.
The old bath of the master village
National Registration Number: 22203
In the village of Ostad, an old bath remains of the baths of the Qajar-Pahlavi period, which is located deep in the ground and is made of stone and mortar. The overall layout of the bathroom consists of an entrance hall, an octagonal plan, a greenhouse and water tanks. The bathroom has a dome cover with skylights to provide indoor lighting.
Sample area and target village of Khosrowieh tourism
Khosravieh village is located on the northern slope of the beautiful Shah Jahan mountain range and 22 km southwest of Farooj, in the heart of a beautiful valley full of water. The people of Khosrowiyeh are Tat. Khosrowiyeh is the birthplace of Ayatollah Agha Najafi Quchani. The texture of traditional architecture, mountains and lush gardens, the historical tomb of Baba and Bibi, the historical cemetery and the tombstone of the box, the house of Agha Najafi Ghouchani and 3 of the important tourist attractions of this village.
25 km north of the city of Farooj and in the Khaboshan section, the beautiful village of Asfjir is located in the heart of a spectacular mountain. The rivers of the village are divided into two parts and its dense and lush gardens, Darband promenade and Sfajir waterfall and its old sycamore tree (registration of Iran’s natural heritage) are among the main attractions of the village. In the mountains above the north of Sfajir, there is beautiful nature and many summers and springs full of water.