According to the report of Fars News Agency’s Urban Group, last week the members of the Tehran Islamic Council in a letter to the heads of the three powers demanded the government’s intervention in solving Tehran’s air pollution crisis. For this purpose, Mehdi Chamran, the head of Tehran City Council, participated in Tehran 20 program and examined this letter and why the air pollution in the capital.
Chamran said at the beginning: We had a conversation with one of our friends from the media and there we said that we are working hard in urban management to improve Tehran’s climate in any way and one of the things we thought of doing in the city council. It was a letter that was written to the President, the Chairman of the Islamic Council and the head of the Judiciary, and in that letter it was mentioned what damage is being done to Tehran due to the polluted air.
The head of Tehran City Council added: The biggest cause of Tehran’s air pollution is mobile sources, and the best thing that can be done is to increase the quality of mobile engines (mobile sources) in terms of fuel quality and construction.
He continued: For example, if the fuel of the mobile sources is diesel or gas, we should move them towards electrification. and then be made in the country.
Chamran stated: One of the reasons for air pollution is fuel quality, which must be standard, and in this context, they announce the Euro 5 standard, because my guess is that the Euro 6 standard was removed due to the disruption of the refinery program, and in another Among the cases, some actions are not included in the standards, for example, we can mention the traffic of trucks with diesel fuel in Tehran, which creates more than a thousand ppm of sulfur pollution.
The head of Tehran city council stated that another issue in air pollution is the traffic of buses and private cars, adding: the most important clean means of transportation is the subway, but the lack of wagons and the breakdown of some of them has caused at least a shortage of thousands We are dealing with wagons, and along with that, about 400 wagons must be rebuilt.
He continued: Another case is the bus, which statistics show that the number of buses has reached 1,800 since 2016 (around 5,000) and in this period, with the measures taken, the number of buses has reached 2,000. And 400 devices have arrived, which is not enough for passengers.
Chamran stated that the estimate shows that 20% of the air pollution is due to motorcycles, which can be electrified, and today’s need to supply 1000 metro cars, Chamran emphasized: A contract was signed to buy about 600 cars from China. With great effort, this contract was ordered again after some time, in which the government must pay 15% of the amount to start the work.
The Chairman of the 6th Council continued: If the production of wagons starts tomorrow, we will be able to receive our first wagons about 1.5 years later, and my opinion is that this cost is not foreseen in the 1402 budget of the government, and it is supposed to come from the source of oil sales. Be provided.
He said: “The contract for the manufacture of 113 wagons has been closed inside the country, and this contract will take at least 15 months to reach us.”
Emphasizing that we have more than 400 metro cars in Tehran that need to be overhauled, Chamran said: After the renovation, this number (400 cars) will be added to the existing 1200 cars, which can help us in moving passengers. .
Tehran’s population must decrease/ waste burning is responsible for 30% of the capital’s air pollution
In a phone call to Tehran 20, Alireza Mazinani, director general of Tehran’s environmental protection, said: according to the police report, the capacity of Tehran city is below two million cars and motorcycles. But the population of Tehran is 16 million and there are cars and motorbikes per person. Add pollution from power plants.
Referring to the pollution of heavy vehicles, Mazinani added: Trucks are another factor of air pollution in the capital. They travel inside the city from 12 o’clock at night and we see pollution from west to east of Tehran from 6 am.
Director General of Environmental Protection of Tehran added: In the second half of the year, we have an inversion of the weather in Tehran. In our organization, according to the clean air law, we observe and monitor the performance of devices. We had 3591 visits to related centers. Some centers that received a warning, fixed their problems. If they don’t, they will be introduced to the court.
Referring to another problem of pollution in the capital, he said: waste burning is one of Tehran’s big problems. From vehicle tire burning to other topics.
The impact of waste incineration on Tehran’s air pollution is above 10% according to our measurements, but in the parliament this amount was announced as 30% due to the pollutants from Azadegan.
Mazinani pointed out: The environment of Tehran province is doing the identification, but other groups such as the governorates and dehdaris in the south of Tehran should come to our aid to do the initial identification. However, collecting requires force to control it.
The official responsible for increasing the population of Tehran brought up one of the important factors of air pollution and said: We must put an end point for the population of Tehran. In fact, we have to solve the problem of waste, water and pollution in one place. We have to do things like Tokyo. Tehran’s public transport vehicles must provide special facilities during air pollution.
We must create another capability and the population of the country should not come to Tehran.
The capital’s need for 9,000 buses/the number of buses in Tehran is not enough
Referring to the experiences of the world’s metropolises in managing urban problems, the head of the Tehran City Council continued: For every problem, a suitable solution can be found, and we must know that reforming the work of one organization is not the work of a few organizations, and in this direction, all organizations should follow the path of the people. work to solve the problem of air pollution.
In describing the latest status of the capital’s bus fleet, he stated: The reconstruction of 514 buses that are active on the lines today has been done, and about 160 new buses have been added to the fleet in this period of city management, but our problem is that the buses must to procure from within the country and this is while the domestic bus factory has been dormant for at least 5 years due to lack of demand.
Chamran added: Because of this, the factories changed their production line and today, if they want to restart that production line, it will take up to 14 months due to the time-consuming production and delivery of domestically made buses.
Referring to Tehran’s comprehensive traffic plan, in which the capital’s need for buses is 9,000, this official emphasized: providing 4,000 buses for the capital is the stated minimum requirement.
He stated: After the end of the activities of Tehran Islamic Council in the fourth round, 5,000 buses were handed over to the management of the fifth term, and in the sixth term of the city council, the number of buses operating on the routes has decreased to 1,800.
Referring to the latest status of the plan to import buses from abroad, Chamran added: the imported buses have not arrived yet, and this is despite the fact that the domestic automobile companies have announced their readiness to meet your needs, but considering the time it takes to deliver the buses, this is not the case. It is not a logical action.
The head of the Tehran Islamic Council stated that only 300 of the 2,000 buses that were signed with the domestic car manufacturers will be delivered, he continued: It was decided that production buses would be delivered over time, but one of the car manufacturers announced Kurd announced that they will deliver 200 units in a short period of time and another 100 units.
In the end, he said: An imported single-cabin bus costs nearly 8 billion and a double-cabin bus costs 12 billion tomans for city management, and with the opinion and approval of the government, used buses can be bought and imported at a lower price.
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