Propranolol is in a class of drugs called beta blockers. This drug is available in pharmacies in the form of tablets, capsules, oral solution and injection. Treating high blood pressure, controlling heart rhythm, relieving chest pain and helping the heart function properly after heart attacks are some of the benefits of propranolol. In this article, you will get more information about this medicine from the online pharmacy magazine.
What is propranolol tablet?
Propranolol is a beta blocker. Beta blockers affect the heart and blood circulation. In fact, propranolol is the first beta blocker that was discovered in the 1960s. Propranolol reaches its maximum plasma concentration after 1 to 3 hours and its half-life is estimated to be 4 to 5 hours, but its effective time may last up to 12 hours.
What is propranolol for?
Propranolol tablets affect blood flow and heart through arteries and veins. This medicine is used in the following cases:
- Reduction of tremors in patients with Parkinson’s disease
- Help to treat angina (chest pain)
- High blood pressure control
- Improving heart rhythm disorders and other heart diseases
- Help to treat and prevent heart attack
- Reducing the intensity and frequency of migraine headaches
- Treatment of anxiety and panic disorders
- Preventing a repeat heart attack in people who have already had this problem.
- Effective in the treatment of liver cirrhosis
- Improving post-traumatic stress disorder
Hemangeol or propranolol oral solution is given to babies aged 5 weeks to 1 year to treat a genetic disease called infantile hemangioma.
Types of propranolol tablets
Propranolol tablets are available in pharmacies in doses of 10, 20, 40, 60 and 80 mg. The slow release capsules of this medicine can be 160 mg. Pay attention to the following:
Propranolol can be prescribed to treat heart problems (such as arrhythmia), help with anxiety and prevent migraines. People who have heart problems can use propranolol 10 to control blood pressure.
What is propranolol 20 tablets for?
This pill is used in the following cases:
- Improvement of angina or chest pain
- Blood pressure control
- Treatment of arrhythmia or heart rhythm disorders
- Reduce the incidence of migraines
- Treatment of heart diseases and diseases related to blood circulation
In these cases, this drug may be prescribed by a doctor:
Treatment of heart diseases, improvement of high blood pressure, anxiety disorders, arrhythmia, overactive thyroid, etc. Be careful that the dosage must be determined by the doctor.
How to take propranolol tablets
Use propranolol exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Read your prescription carefully and proceed accordingly. You can take this medicine with or without food; You should see what your doctor’s opinion was. Hemangeol should be used during or immediately after the baby is fed. Doses should be at least 9 hours apart. The dosage of this medicine should be determined based on the child’s weight.
Heart function and blood pressure should be monitored regularly while taking this drug. If you are going to have a surgery, be sure to inform your doctor. If you suddenly stop taking propranolol, your health condition may worsen. So, before stopping the medicine, be sure to consult your doctor.
High blood pressure is often asymptomatic. If you have high blood pressure, continue to take propranolol tablets and do not stop it arbitrarily. Be careful that high blood pressure can lead to heart failure, stroke and kidney damage. So take it seriously.
The best time to take propranolol tablets
- It is better to use propranolol capsules with long-term release before going to bed, around 10 pm. You can take this medicine with or without food. But be careful to always use this medicine at a certain time so that it has the best effect.
Necessary warnings before taking propranolol
If you are allergic to propranolol or have the following problems, you should not use propranolol:
- History of slow heart rate
- Severe heart failure
- Sick sinus syndrome
To make sure propranolol is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have any of the following problems:
- Slow heart rate or congestive heart failure
- Bronchitis, emphysema or other respiratory disorders
- Liver and kidney disease
- Thyroid disorder
- Circulation problems
- If smoking
Also, if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, be sure to inform your doctor before taking propranolol.
Avoid drinking alcohol while taking propranolol because it increases the level of this drug in your blood and is dangerous.
Side effects of propranolol
If you experience allergic symptoms to propranolol tablets, be sure to call the emergency room. These symptoms include:
Hives, trouble breathing, swelling of the face or throat, or skin reactions such as a skin rash with blisters and burning.
In the following cases, after observing the side effects of propranolol, consult a doctor:
- Slow or irregular heartbeat
- Feeling like you’re passing out.
- Wheezing or difficulty breathing
- sudden weakness
- vision problems
- Cold feeling in hands and feet
- Depression, confusion and hallucinations
- Rapid weight gain
- Shortness of breath
- Low blood sugar (with symptoms of headache, hunger, dizziness, tremors, sweating, etc.)
- Low blood sugar in the baby
Common side effects of propranolol include the following:
- Dizziness, fatigue
- Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, stomach cramps
- Insomnia or sleep disorders
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Cough, sore throat and change in voice.
Drug interactions of propranolol tablets
Some drugs may reduce the effectiveness of other drugs or even their simultaneous use is considered dangerous. Before starting to take propranolol tablets, let your doctor know about any type of medication you are using; In particular, the following drugs may interact with propranolol:
- Cholestyramine or Colstipol
- Heart and blood pressure medications
- Medicines to treat infections
- Medicines for the treatment of prostate disorders
- Steroid drugs
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs such as aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, diclofenac, etc.
Even herbal medicines and vitamins can interact with propranolol. Therefore, be sure to consult your doctor about any medicine that you take along with this medicine.
Symptoms of propranolol overdose
Symptoms of propranolol overdose may include:
- Feeling light-headed or restless
- Fast or slow heartbeat
- Difficulty breathing
Is propranolol a sleeping pill?
Yes; Propranolol can make you feel tired and sleepy or make you feel lethargic and lack of energy. The higher the drug dose, the more likely it is to feel tired and sleepy. A feeling of weakness and lightheadedness may also be seen at the same time.
Does propranolol cause weight gain?
Weight gain may be seen in some people who use propranolol tablets, but it seems that weight gain cannot be a common side effect of this drug. In other words, weight gain is not in the list of propranolol side effects, but various reports and studies have confirmed weight gain due to this drug.
Use of propranolol during pregnancy and breastfeeding
The use of this drug during pregnancy is recommended only when there is no alternative and the benefits outweigh the risks. You are not allowed to take this medicine during pregnancy without a doctor’s advice. Although the use of propranolol tablets during breastfeeding has not been mentioned as dangerous for the baby, but this drug must be used during this period under the supervision of a doctor.
How to store propranolol tablets
- Keep this medicine in a closed container and out of the reach of children.
- Store propranolol at room temperature, away from light, heat and moisture.
In this article, we have explained the uses, side effects, how to use and drug interaction of propranolol tablets. This medicine is used more than anything to treat heart problems and lower blood pressure. Also, if you have any questions about this drug, ask the active doctors in Positive Green magazine in the comments section.
Frequently asked questions about propranolol
What are the risks of using propranolol?
Propranolol may cause heart failure in some patients. If you experience symptoms such as chest pain or irregular heartbeat, be sure to consult a doctor.
How does propranolol work?
This drug belongs to beta blockers. Like other beta blockers, propranolol works by changing the way your body responds to certain nerve impulses, including in the heart.
Please rate this article
[مجموع: ۰ میانگین: ۰]